Sores on roof of mouth and gums are quite common. When causing pain to the palate, the gums or entire mouth, the condition is referred to as stomatitis. In most cases, the cause of the sore on different parts of the mouth may overlap, it is however not uncommon to have a specific cause affecting a specific part of the mouth. Here are the possible causes, pictures and how to get rid of blisters on mouth palate.
The palate is the roof of mouth. This part of the mouth is formed by bones and cartilage. The composition of the roof of mouth is such that, the front two-thirds is made up of bone that is part of skull whereas the rare part is made up of cartilage. A dedicated continuous mucosal tissue lines both the hard and soft parts of the roof of mouth.
Sores on the roof of my mouth
Sores on roof of mouth might cause a great deal of pain and discomfort. When caused by canker or cold sores, the sores are usually not considered contagious. In most cases, sores on palate will be accompanied by pain and a feeling of burning sensation. The symptoms of this sore mostly become evident when you eat spicy or hot food or when you wake up after snoring. Here are the possible cause of the sores.
Poor oral hygiene
Poor oral hygiene is the number one cause of most oral problems. Good oral hygiene helps keep mouth and teeth clean thus preventing plaques build up which creates a good breeding ground for fungus and bacteria. Apart from sore inside mouth and on the roof of the mouth, poor oral hygiene will cause other condition such as dental cavities, gingivitis, periodontal diseases and bad breath.
Fungal and bacterial infection of the mouth is the other possible cause sore inside mouth. Candidiasis also called thrush is a common fungal infection that occurs in mouth and throat due to overgrowth of yeast as a result of poor oral hygiene.
A bacterial infection in the mouth will result in a tooth abscess, this commonly happens on the tooth. A tooth or a dental abscess is an accumulation of pus that forms inside the teeth or gum.
Sores on the roof of the mouth can also be caused by gums and other oral diseases. A gum disease is an inflammation of the gum line that can progress to affect the surrounding and supporting parts of your teeth. When left untreated, gum disease can dangerous. It is likely to move from gingivitis to periodontitis to advanced periodontitis which is a severe form of gum disease.
Herpetic stomatitis is a viral infection of the mouth characterized by sores and ulcers in the mouth. Sores caused by herpetic stomatitis can be seen on the tongue, under the tongue, on inner cheeks, on gums ad on lips. The sores can also appear on floor and roof of the mouth.
The two most common of stomatitis are cold sores also known as herpes stomatitis and aphthous stomatitis most common referred to as canker sore. These sores are caused by a combination viral infection, mucous membrane damage, and poor oral hygiene.
Oral lichen planus is an ongoing chronic inflammatory condition that affects mucous membrane lining the inside of the mouth. Lichen planus will appear as white, lacy patches, red, swollen tissue or open sores. When affecting the roof of mouth or inside mouth, lichen planus causes burning, pain and discomfort.
The condition is not contagious, as such, it cannot be passed from one person to the other. Oral lichen planus occurs when your immune system mounts attack cells of the mucous membrane. The symptoms of this condition can be managed at home, but people with the condition are advised to have regular monitoring as they may risk developing mouth cancer.
Oral or mouth cancer is a condition marked by uncontrollable growth of cells that invade and cause damage to the surrounding tissue. Oral cancer can appear as a growth or sore in the mouth that does not go away.
Oral cancer includes the cancer of lips, tongue, cheeks, floor and roof of the mouth. When unchecked, oral cancer can be life-threatening, oral cancer is the least common form of cancer in the United States.
Commonly known simply as mono, this is an infectious viral disease characterized by swelling of the lymph glands and prolonged lassitude. The condition is caused by Epstein-Barr virus. It is also referred to as glandular fever or the kissing disease.
Symptoms of this condition will include fatigue, sore throat, fever and as said swollen lymph node.
Common on the tongue, leukoplakia is a white patch that might also develop on inside of the cheek, on the floor of the mouth. Leukoplakia is caused by mouth chronic irritation of the mucous membrane lining the inside of mouth.
Leukoplakia patches can occur due to the following:
- Irritation from rough teeth
- Chronic smoking and use of tobacco product
- Sunburn on lips
- Oral cancer
- Viral or bacterial infection, HIV/AIDS
Also called oral candidiasis, it is a fungal infection that develops on the mucous membrane lining the mouth. Oral thrush is caused by candida albicanas but can also be caused by another type of fungus candida glabrata or candida tropicalis.
Sores on roof of mouth lupus
Lupus is an autoimmune disorder that causes swelling, inflammation and a wide variety of symptoms. The symptoms of lupus will vary from one person to the other, some will have a few mild symptoms whereas others may have more severe symptoms.
Common symptoms will include dry mouth and eyes. Some people may also have rashes and lesions.
Sores on the roof of mouth and gums
Sores on the roof of mouth and gums are quite common. The sores might also appear on the tongue and inner cheeks. The pain, irritation, itching and inflammation is made worse by poor oral hygiene. A common cause of gums and mouth sores is gum disease, the common one being gingivitis.
Gingivitis is a common mild form of the disease known to cause irritation, redness, and swelling of the gums. When left untreated for long, gingivitis can lead to much more serious gum disease such as periodontitis and tooth loss.
When the underlying cause of the sores on palate and gums is gingivitis, the classic signs and symptoms you would expect to see will include redness, tender and swollen gums that bleed when you brush. You would also expect to see gums that have receded or pulled away from your teeth. Sores on the roof of mouth and gums can cause pockets to form between teeth and gums, this is where plaques and food collect creating a bacteria breeding grounds.
Most of the conditions affecting the palate, gums or inside mouth can be prevented by maintaining proper oral hygiene such as brushing your mouth at least twice in a day, flossing daily. You will also need to have regular dental checkups to prevent and help reverse this kind of oral conditions.
Blisters on the roof of mouth burn
Sores and blister on the roof of the mouth or inside mouth particularly those that don’t dissipate right away, May ultimately be cold sores. Cold sores are inflamed blisters in or near mouth caused by herpes simplex virus infection. The virus causing this blisters is highly contagious and can be passed from one person to the other by saliva, either by drinking from the same cup or directly.
After the infection, the virus remains dormant in the nerve of the face and may become active from time to time. Mental and emotional stress can lead to cold sore outbreaks. Also known as fever blisters, the cold sore will be shown by symptoms such as fever, headaches, nausea and vomiting together with the itchy and painful sores on lips, gums, tongue and roof of the mouth.
Burning mouth syndrome is another common oral condition that could be causing the blisters to appear on your palate. BMS may have symptoms such as burning or scalded sensation on the tongue. You are also more likely to feel a sensation of dry mouth with increased thirst and taste changes. BMS will also affect the lips, gums, and roof of mouth.
Sores on roof of mouth sore throat
A sore throat is a condition marked by pain in throat, sore throat is caused by inflammation due to a cold or another virus. Sore throats can be shown by symptoms such as a runny nose and nasal congestion. A more severe form of sore throats causing the sore inside mouth and on the roof of the mouth is strep throat.
Strep throat is a bacterial infection that can make your throat feel sore and scratchy. Strep throat can be a serious condition when left untreated. The infection could result in organ complication such as kidney inflammation. It could also result in rheumatic fever, a condition known to cause painful and inflamed joints.
Seek immediate medical attention if you notice any of the following symptoms in both children and adults.
- Swollen tonsils
- A sudden and severe sore throat (without coughing, sneezing or cold symptoms)
- Dark red spots on the roof of mouth and throat
- Colored coating on throat and tonsils
- Difficulties and pain when swallowing
- Abnormal fever
Sores on roof of mouth causes
Poor oral hygiene is the most common cause of sores and other abnormalities inside the mouth. The other causes of palate sores will include:
Canker sores on roof of mouth
Also known as pathos ulcers, these are small, shallow lesion that develops on the soft tissues of the mouth. Unlike cold sores, canker sores are not contagious and don’t occur on lips. Most will clear on their own in a week or two.
Canker sores on roof of mouth pictures
Canker sores appearing inside mouth, on the palate of mouth, on gums, on the tongue or anywhere inside the mouth can be shown as follows.
Also called fever blisters, these are inflamed blisters that occur in or near the mouth. They are caused by a virus, herpes simplex virus. Unlike the cancer sores, these are contagious and can easily be transmitted from one person to the other.
These sores closely relate to the one that causes genital herpes, caused by herpes simplex type 2. Both of this virus can affect your mouth and genitals and can be spread by oral sex.
Cold sores on roof of mouth pictures
As mentioned, most often cold sore will appear outside the mouth, it is however not uncommon for the sores to appear inside the mouth. When appearing inside the mouth, cold sores are likely to appear on the tongue, inner cheek, under the tongue, on gums, on the floor of mouth and most likely on the roof of mouth. Here is how cold sore looks like.
Blisters on palate can also be caused by foods. Very hot and spicy foods may burn the roof of mouth, spicy foods may cause sores on palates. Hot food can burn your mouth causing blisters. This kind of blisters can make it painful and difficult to eat and drink. This kind of blisters and sore are normal and can heal on their own with time.
Sores on roof of mouth in adults
Palate sores can be seen in both children and adults. On the roof of mouth, this sores can be as a result of stress and anxiety, some form of trauma inside mouth, hormonal changes especially in women during periods, certain food, toothpaste additives, and smoking.
The sores caused by these causes can be prevented by avoiding the cause.
White sores on roof of mouth
White spots on the roof of mouth can also be a clear sign of bacterial or fungal infection. Candidiasis also known as thrush is a common fungal infection that appears in the mouth or throat. The condition is caused by an overgrowth of yeast.
The overgrowth can be shown by symptoms such as:
- White spots inside and on roof of mouth
- Difficulties swallowing
- Sore throat
- Sores on tongue
Red sores on roof of mouth
Red sore on mouth are commonly caused by allergic reaction to foods and medicine. The common cause of red mouth sores is mouth ulcer, also known as canker sores, these are normally small, painful lesion that develops inside mouth. The sores can also develop at the base of gums and on the tongue.
Red sore caused by a canker sore will often start as a small, red bump and often develop a white center. Most of these sores can be managed and controlled with over the counter treatment. If the pain and irritation persist, you will need to seek immediate medical attention.
Red sores on roof of mouth picture
Red sores on mouth can occur on tongues, gums or inside cheeks. They might appear as ulcers or white patches at times. Common on lips the red sores could also appear on mouth and gums. Here are some images of how the sores will look like.
How to get rid of Sores on Roof of Mouth
Depending on what the underlying cause of the sores on palates are, there exist different option that might help get rid of them. The itching, irritating and pain caused by the sores on the roof of mouth can be managed and controlled with at home treatment. Here are some simple remedies you might use to get rid of the sores on the palate.
Applying a paste of baking soda
A baking soda paste is an ancient remedy for different oral conditions. The remedy is said to be an effective remedy for sores n palate and inside the mouth, on tongue, inner cheeks and on the floor of mouth. To reap the benefits of baking powder paste, apply it more than twice in a day after brushing your mouth.
Due to its cooling effect, cold yogurt can be an effective remedy for mouth sores, ulcers, and lesions. If you just developed the sore after eating hot or spicy foods, then a bowl of cold yogurt can relay be of help.
Maintaining a balanced diet
Most of the body and oral infection can be treated and managed by maintaining a balanced diet. Eat fresh fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins and minerals to help treat mouth sores faster. Vitamins are important in healing wounds, treating infections faster. Vitamins and minerals are also good for general body health.
Gargling with cold water
Kitchen salt is rich in anti-itching and anti-inflammatory properties that will help relieve the different symptoms of sore on the roof of mouth.
A glass of cold milk
Milk is a rich source of nutrition. Taking a cold cup of milk might really be helpful.
Stick to mild toothpaste and a toothbrush with soft bristles.
Use mild toothpaste to avoid irritating and worsening the pain and discomfort caused by the sores on your roof of mouth. Make sure to use a toothbrush with soft bristles.
Seek medical attention if the sores get too painful and start to spread to the gums, throat and tongue.
References and Sources
- Sores on the roof of your mouth causes: http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/conditions/mouth-sores-and-infections/article/sore-in-roof-of-mouth-causes-1115
- Mouth sores, definition, treatment and causes: http://www.healthline.com/health/mouth-sores
- Sore on roof of mouth: http://www.healtreatcure.org/mouth/sore-on-roof-of-mouth-canker-bumps-painful-canker-red-get-rid/
- Cold sores and fever blisters: http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/conditions/mouth-sores-and-infections/article/cold-sores-and-fever-blisters
- What causes roof of mouth sores: http://www.enki-village.com/roof-of-mouth-sore.html
- Mouth cancer: https://www.dentalhealth.org/tell-me-about/topic/mouth-cancer/mouth-ulcers
- Home remedy for sores on roof of mouth: https://www.epainassist.com/face-mouth-throat/sore-palate-or-sores-on-roof-of-mouth
- Sore on roof of mouth causes: http://www.speedyremedies.com/sore-on-roof-of-mouth-causes.html
- Sore palate: http://www.healthhype.com/sore-palate-roof-of-the-mouth-pain-causes.html