A clogged nose is a common symptom that is associated with many viral infections, e.g., the flu or the cold. They come about when the mucus membranes become inflated. It is possible to ease a blocked nose using a variety of home remedies and over the counter medications.
Below, we are going to look at what causes a clogged nose, clogged pores, what causes a blocked nose during pregnancy, at night, as well as possible home remedies and treatment solutions.
Clogged nose meaning
A stuffy nose comes about when the nasal and adjacent tissues as well as blood vessels start to swell due to the presence of excess fluids. The excess fluids are what brings about the stuffy feeling being experienced. In certain cases, nasal congestion could be accompanied by a runny nose or a nasal discharge, which is not present in other cases.
Traditionally, a clogged nose is nothing but a mere nuisance for adults and older children. However, there are instances where a clogged nose could be a serious problem for a child, whose sleeping pattern is interrupted by the nasal congestion. It could also pose a problem for infants who are unable to feed properly due to the congestion in the nasal cavities.
Clogged nose pores
Having clogged nose pores can cause a horrible dent to appear on your face, and may even cause you to have self-image related issues. Many clogged pores come about due to the over-production of sebum. Sebum is an oily element that is produced in your skin, to ensure that it remains soft and hydrated at all times.
It is the reason why people with oily skins tend to be the most affected by clogged pores. The clogged pores are also likely to appear in the areas that have the highest number of oil glands, e.g., your facial T-face. The T-face comprises of your chin, nose, and forehead.
Excess sebum production could be triggered by:
- Using certain cosmetic products
- Hormonal fluctuations in your puberty phase
- Menstrual cycle
Clogged nose and ears
When your sinuses are clogged, this will mean more than just having a stuffy nose. You are likely to experience dizziness, pain, as well as that muffled ear sensation—making you feel like you are in a plane that is about to descend. However, it is possible to relieve the ears and the nose, once you have established what is causing the problem.
Sinus pain, stuffiness, and ear discomfort
The ears and your sinuses are all connected inside your head. As such, stuffiness and ear congestion is likely to affect the pressure present inside your ears. Addressing the congestion is likely to provide some relief. Here are ways to get relief:
1. Get moisture
Hold a warm and moist washing cloth to your face or utilize a saline spray a few times each day. It will help in easing your pain and pressure. You can also make use of a humidifier to make sure that your sinuses will not become dry.
2. over the counter medication
Check your medicine cabinet for over the counter pain relievers, e.g., ibuprofen or acetaminophen. They will assist in easing your earache.
3. Try using a decongestant
Nasal sprays or over the counter tablets can also be used to ease sinus blockages. This will in turn help in relieving your clogged nose and ears. However, it is not recommended to use a nasal decongestant for more than three days.
Clogged nose in baby, toddler
There are instances where a cold could cause a toddler to have a stuffy nose that is not accompanied by any other symptoms. It could also mean that the child may have developed an allergy to a pet, dust, or even pollen. This applies where a child has an itchy nose, itchy eyes, or when they have watery eyes.
An allergic shiner is another indication that the child has an allergic reaction. The shiner appears in the form of a pale purplish ring under the child’s eyelids in either one or both eyes. It often makes the child appear as though they have not been getting enough sleep.
A clogged nose in a toddler could also be because of an enlarged adenoid. This is the tonsil like tissue that is found at the back of the child’s nose. A child that has this particular problem will sound congested at all times, even when they are healthy.
There are cases where nasal congestion can also be caused by the presence of an issue in the nose’s structure. It could be as a result of an injury that occurred when the baby was passing through the birth channel. Additionally, it may also be as a result of a deformity of the cartilage and bone that separates the two parts of your child’s nose.
A stuffy nose can also occur when the child has something stuck up inside the nose, e.g., toilet paper or food. This is often the case when the congestion lasts for a long time or appears to be one-sided. Normally, it affects toddlers and very small babies.
Clogged nose remedy for toddlers
The first step in treating a stuffy nose in a toddler is to establish what is causing the problem. You will be limited in terms of the treatments that can be administered to children who are below four years. Also, it will be advisable not to turn to cold medication, as it can be harmful to a toddler or infant.
Saline drops are considered to be one of the best and safest ways for you to clear congestion in a baby. Nose drops and saline solutions can be purchased at a pharmacy without a prescription. When using the nose drops, you will need to make sure that you place at least two drops inside each nostril to assist in loosening the mucus.
Once inserted, take a suction bulb and use it to immediately withdraw the mucus and the saline solution. You could take a towel (rolled-up) and place it under your child’s shoulders. It will allow you to tilt your baby gently, to ensure that the drops get inside the nostrils.
Before placing the bulb inside the nose, begin by squeezing it very gently. It will help ensure that when released, it will pull out all the mucus that is inside the nostrils. Any mucus present in the bulb should be squeezed out into a tissue.
It is recommended that this be done at least fifteen minutes before bedtime or feeding time. It helps the child breathe much more easily when nursing or when sleeping. Make sure to stay away from the saline solutions that contain medicine.
- If the child is old enough, teach them how to blow the nose. You can do this by exhaling through your own nose. You should place a tissue by the nostrils so that the child can see the air move the tissue during the exhalation process.
- Encourage the child to consume lots of water. Fluids will assist in thinning out the However, you should not force it. As long as the child sips some water during the course of the day, all will be well.
Clogged pores on nose at night
Often, the primary cause of a clogged nose is an infection, e.g., a flu or the cold. It can cause your nasal passages to become inflamed, and this may lead an increase in the production of mucus in a bid to push out any pathogens present. The excess mucus and the inflammation will make it hard for your nose to remain well drained, leading to you experiencing that blocked feeling.
But, there is a possibility that the clogged nose could worsen during the night. In some cases, you will have a runny nose during the day before becoming clogged immediately you enter the bed—why is this the case?
Normally, when you lie on your bed, the body is no longer in a position to drain out the mucus present in your nose via the throat as gravity is no longer working in the same way it does during the day.
As such, if you are suffering from a blocked nose, it will worsen during the night. If you are distressed from a runny nose, there is a chance that it will become blocked immediately when you lie down as the nose will no longer be capable of draining out the mucus as it has been doing all day.
It could also be because of:
- Physical obstruction
- Dry, dusty air
Clogged pores on nose during pregnancy
A clogged pores nose during pregnancy is known as pregnancy rhinitis. Often, it feels similar to a nasal congestion when you have a flu or cold. However, this particular condition is partly caused by hormonal changes during your pregnancy. For instance, high estrogen levels during pregnancy may cause your nasal passage linings to become swollen leading to excess mucus production.
Additionally, you will have more blood circulating when you are pregnant, and this may cause the tiny blood vessels in the nose to become swollen causing nasal congestion. Up to thirty percent of all pregnant women suffer from pregnancy rhinitis, according to Mayo Clinic. The condition often starts in the second month and becomes worse as the pregnancy starts to progress.
You should call your medic if you experience symptoms such as:
- Yellow or green mucus
- Facial pressure or pain
- Reduced sense of smell
- Ache in your upper jaw
Clogged nose when lying down
It is very hard to sleep when you are not able to breathe through a blocked or stuffy nose. Allergies, colds, and sinus problems can make it difficult for you to breathe when you are lying down. Gravity has been known to contribute to this particular problem although it can also assist in relieving it.
By elevating your head on a pillow, you will make it easier for you to breathe. Additionally, consider changing positions or humidifying the air present in that room.
How to Get Rid of Clogged Nose
Home remedies for clogged pores on nose
A stuffy or blocked nose can make you feel very awful. When you are all stuffed up, you will likely want to look for home remedies that will make it easier for you to inhale again. Fortunately for you, the following home remedies can assist you clear up a clogged nose within no time.
1. Hit the shower
A hot shower is not only rejuvenating, but it also assists in reducing nasal congestion. The steam coming from the shower will assist the mucus to drain from your nose and this will, in turn, improve your breathing patterns. Even though the benefits from this steam will not last for long, they will at least provide you with much needed temporary relief.
2. Use a saline spray
Saline solutions have been known to assist in reducing stuffiness and tissue inflammation in your nose. A saline only spray should not have any medication making it ideal for use even when pregnant. You can also find an over the counter saline spray at your local pharmacy.
3. Try flushing out your sinuses
There are many different devices that are available in the market, e.g., the neti pots that can be used in flushing your sinuses. Neti pots have been in use for very many years and are considered ideal for use in clearing the nasal passageways of any mucus that could be present. You could also use a saline solution to flush out mucus present in each nostril.
4. Use a warm compress
Warm compresses can reduce sinus congestion and eliminate the stuffy feeling present in your face and nose. You can wet a washing cloth using warm water and place it over your face. Make sure the water is not too hot as it could end up burning your skin.
5 stay hydrated
It is always best to make certain that you take enough water when you have a stuffed or clogged nose. When you are appropriately hydrated, you will be able to thin out the mucus present in your nasal passage, and in the process assist in pushing the fluids from your nose. This will reduce the pressure in your sinuses and in the process also reduce irritation and inflammation.
Treatment for clogged nose
If natural home remedies are not for you, you can try the following treatment options:
1. Use a decongestant
It is a great option when looking to decrease nasal congestion. A decongestant works by causing your small blood vessels present in the nose to narrow down. The narrowing process will reduce swelling in your nose lining and reduce stuffiness.
Decongestants are available in the form of nasal sprays and pills. Nasal sprays are the best as they do not have to be absorbed by your stomach, and therefore end up providing faster relief. Prescription and over the counter medication is available.
The side effects associated with using a decongestant include:
- Dry mouth
- Burning feeling inside your nose
2. Try allergy medication
There are cases where a clogged nose can be caused by an allergic reaction. Allergy based medication may contain antihistamines that will assist in blocking such reactions. Make sure you read the instructions that are on the package so that you can be aware of the possible side effects.
Clogged nose medicine, cure, solution
When suffering from a stuffy nose, it is important to ensure that you keep the nasal passage moist at all times. Many people assume that dry air can assist in clearing up a runny nose, but in reality, the cold air has a very different effect. When you dry out your membranes, you end up irritating them even further.
To ensure that your nasal passage will remain moist, you should:
- Use a vaporizer or humidifier
- Drink lots of water to assist in thinning out your mucus
- Breathe in the steam from a pot of warm water
- Utilize a nasal saline spray. The spray will assist in ensuring that the nasal passages will not become blocked.
- Try using a neti pot.
- Avoid pools that are chlorinated as they can irritate the nasal passages
Over the counter medications
The following drugs do not require a prescription, and they can assist in relieving your symptoms:
- Pain relievers
You should check in with a medic if you have sinus pressure or nasal congestion for more than seven days. If the symptoms become severe, do not wait for any longer.
- De Pietro M. (2017, March 1). How to get rid of a stuffy nose: ten possible treatments
- Dykewicz MS. (1998). Diagnosis and treatment of rhinitis
- Ellegard EK. (2006). Pregnancy rhinitis
- American Academy of Pediatrics. (2013). Children and colds
- (N.D). What are allergic shiners?